NE/YW Course page 1 | Industrial & Construction Safety Solutions



Rights & Duties Under the OHSA

Basic Rights by Law

The Right to Know about what hazards there are in your workplace and to know what to do to prevent injuries from them.

The Right to Participate in health and safety activities in your workplace without fear of discipline.

The Right to Refuse work that you reasonably believe can be dangerous to yourself or others.


Work Safely

  • Use all machinery and equipment in the way you were trained to

Report Hazards

  • If you know that Ontario’s health and safety laws are not being followed, you must report the circumstances to your supervisor/employer as soon as possible

Use of Wear Protective Devices

  • Don’t remove a guard or device designed to protect you and wear your safety gear.


Questions we often ask ourselves about our jobs:

  • How do I look?
  • What will my coworkers think about me?
  • Will I be able to keep the job?
  • How much money will I make?

However we need to consider:

  • Will I be trained enough in order to do my job safely?
  • Am I able to recognize possible hazards?
  • Do I know my rights and responsibilities?
  • Could an accident disfigure me or cost me my life?


Some signs that a workplace may be unsafe:

  • Other employees are getting injured on the job
  • You work without direct supervision
  • You have not been trained properly
  • Equipment is unguarded or broken
  • Chemical containers aren’t labeled
  • Shortcuts are used to save time
  • Poor housekeeping and maintenance
  • Floors are slippery, electrical cords are frayed, etc.

Protect Yourself

Learn to do the job safely.

  • Are you in any danger?

Think the job through. 

  • Know what to do when there’s an injury or emergency situation.

Ask, ask, ask.

  • There are no stupid questions

Get help.

  • Especially if you have to lift something heavy

Wear the gear.

  • Find out what to wear to protect yourself, how to wear it and how to maintain it.

Inform your supervisor.

  • If you see anything unsafe that may hurt you or someone else

Report injuries.

  • If you get hurt, it’s your job to tell your supervisor.

Talk to your family about your job.

  • Sometimes they know something you don’t know.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)


  • It is recommended that approved safety shoes be worn to protect your feet.

Hard Hats.

  • Hard hats should be worn in all designated areas and construction areas

Eye Protection.

  • Proper eye protection must be worn when the nature of the operation presents a potential eye or face injury.
  • Flying objects, dust, hot or splashing metals, harmful rays, caustics, acids.


  • Appropriate gloves and aprons shall be worn when handling hazardous chemicals and abrasive materials. Gloves should be replaced when the signs of wear are apparent.

Respiratory Equipment.

  • Approved respiratory equipment shall be worn when the worker is exposed to toxic chemicals or dusts, spray painting, or other inhalation hazards.


  • The wearing of rings or other jewelry is not recommended on the job, particularly if working around moving or rotating parts.


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