NE/YW Course page 4 | Industrial & Construction Safety Solutions



Safety Basics

Hand & Power Tools

  • Always know how to properly use hand and power tools before starting the job by following operating instructions and using the proper accessories.
  • If you are unfamiliar with how a tool operates or is to be used, get the advice and instruction of your supervisor.
  • Tools should not be used other than for their intended use.
  • Keep all cutting tools sharp.
  • Tools shall be kept in a safe condition without broken or damaged parts.
  • Never use tools which have burred or mushroomed heads and never carry loose tools in your pockets.
  • If tools or equipment are found to be faulty, report them to your supervisor.
  • When possible pull on a hand tool rather than push since it can slip and cause a serious cut or bruise.
  • Never leave hand tools lying around loose where they may fall on someone below.
  • Non-sparking, non-magnetic tools are provided for your use in the tool room. They shall be used in areas such as grain storage, sewers, steam tunnels, spray paint booths, radar unit locations, and rooms with electromagnets.
  • Remember, use the right tool for the job.

Electrical Safety

  • It takes very little electrical current to kill (less than 1/10 of an ampere).
  • With good contact, 115 volts is sufficient voltage to cause death. There have been fatal electric shocks where voltage as low as 60 to 70 volts was involved.
  • No electrical work should be performed “hot” when it can be done “cold”.
  • Switches, fuses, circuit breakers, and other control devices in areas where explosives or other flammable liquids or gasses exist shall be the type designed for use in these areas
  • All electrical equipment should be periodically inspected
  • Suitable means should be provided for identifying all electrical equipment and circuits, especially if 2 or more voltages are used on the same job.
  • All electrical tools and equipment should be properly grounded or be of the double-insulated type
  • Spliced or damaged electrical cords shall not be used until properly repaired. 
  • Electrical cords on power tools and extension cords shall have heavy-duty rubber insulation.
  • You should never use electrical equipment when standing in or near water. 
  • In places (bathrooms, kitchens, laundries and out-of-doors) where a person having wet hands or standing on a wet surface is likely to touch objects that may be energized, a ground fault circuit interrupter (GFI) shall be installed in the circuit to prevent electrical shock.
  • Portable GFIs are available in the Tool Room for use in wet environments.
  • All exposed electrical wires should be considered “hot” or “live” until checked by the Electrical Department. Electrical repairs or electrical installations shall be made only by the Electrical Department
  • Standing on metal ladders or wearing metal hard hats near high voltage electrical power can result in death or serious injury

Lock & Tag Out

  • A lockout device and universal “Danger” tag shall be placed on all energy-activating devices of machines or tools needing repair, or receiving routine maintenance.
  • A lockout device and tag shall be placed on the junction box of stationary permanently-wired equipment with the energy activating device placed in the “off” position. 
  • This lockout/tag out procedure should reduce accidents caused by the unexpected start-up or release of energy.


  • Good housekeeping is an essential part of every job. Work areas, aisles, walkways, and equipment shall be kept clear of loose materials, tools, and scraps.
  • Materials such as lumber and pipe shall be stored in an orderly and secure manner.
  • Spills such as grease, water, or oil, shall be cleaned up as soon as possible. A delay could result in an accident to you or a fellow worker.
  • A safe access shall be maintained to work areas. 
  • Short cuts should be avoided. 
  • Never block aisles, traffic lanes, or fire exits with equipment or materials.

Emergency Procedure

  • Accidents involving personal injury or property damage must be reported to your supervisor as soon as possible.
  • If an injury is minor, first aid equipment is available at several locations.

Fire Procedure

When fire alarm sounds:

  • Evacuate the building immediately via nearest exit.
  • Do not use elevators, use building stairwells.
  • Close all doors as you leave – do not lock doors.
  • If fire is small, attempt to extinguish it – but don’t take chances.
  • Fire outside the building – CALL 911

Give the following information:

  • Your name, and that you wish to report a fire.
  • The exact location of the fire.
  • What is burning.
  • Do not hang up until released by the operator.

General Work Habits

  • Reducing accidents means reporting to work physically and mentally rested, and prepared to perform your job safely and properly.
  • Always report any unsafe condition or unsafe act to your supervisor or Health and Safety Rep as soon as possible.
  • Whenever you’re performing your job, keep your mind on your work.
  • Always keep your temper and thoughts under control.
  • Report any injury to your supervisor as soon as possible.
  • If you’re taking a prescribed drug that may have a side effect, inform your supervisor before beginning the day’s work.
  • Use of illegal drugs or intoxicating beverages while at work (or reporting to work under the influence of these substances) may be cause for your dismissal.

“Take 2 For You”

  • The concept of “Take Two For You” is a simple risk assessment that you must do every time you are about to undertake a job or task.

You need to ask yourself:

  • What are the hazards related to the task that I am about to do?
  • How can I eliminate the hazard?
  • How can I protect myself from the hazard?


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